Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 6+ 7 môn Tiếng anh

COMPARISONS

A/ So sánh bằng: (equality)

S + V + AS ADJ/ ADV AS + S

B/ So sánh hơn: (Comparatives)

Tính từ ngắn: S + V + ADJ/ADV- ER + THAN + S2

Tính từ dài: S + V + MORE + ADJ/ ADV + THAN + S2

C/ So sánh nhất; (Superlatives)

Tính từ ngắn: S + V + THE ADJ –EST + N.

Tính từ dài: S + V + THE MOST + ADJ + N. This new house is as expensive as that one.

He ran faster than his friends did.

Films are more interesting than plays.

Ex: He is more intelligent than Peter.

 

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 little salt to the spinach when you boil it .
92 . When you ( buy ) this dress ? Two days ago .
93 . I hope you ( visit ) .Ha Noi soon .
94 . She would like ( buy ) some bananas .
95 . Hoa ( receive ) .a letter from her mother 2 days ago .
96 . It stopped ( hurt ) .afterwards .
97 . I like ( watch ) ..baseball .
98 . The children must ( be ) .back by six o`clock .
99 . Marconi ( invent ) .............radio .
100 . The disease ( spread ) ..fast now. 
101 . You ought ( finish ) your home work before ( watch ) ..T.V 
102 . Hoa ( have ) .a lot of friends in Hue .
103 . Nam and Trung always ( visit ) their grandparents on Sunday .
104 . My father ( listen ) to the radio everyday . 
105 . The children ( like ) .to play in the park .
106 . She ( not live ) .with her parents .
107 . Lan ( brush ) her teeth after meals .
108 . The students ( not go ) to school on Sunday .
109 . Nga ( talk ) to her friends now .
110 . She ( be ) ...14 on her next birthday .
111 . We ( visit ) ..Huong Pogoda next week .
112 . They ( live ) .with their grandparents .
113 . I ( come ) back tomorrow .
114 . He ( have ) .a lot of friends .
115 . She ( have ) ..a meeting tonight .
116 . M y father ( jog ) every morning .
117 . We often ( play ) .tennis in the afternoon .
118 . What ..you ( do ) .next Sunday .
119 . Phong ( watch ) .T.V everynight .
120 . They ( go ) ..to the movies tonight .
121 . Tomorrow , She ( invite ) .all friends to her birthday party .
122 . My brother ( listen ) ..to music in his free time .
123 . Our friends ( come ) here soon .
124 . My father never ( drink ) coffee .
125 . I usually ( go ) .to school by bike but tomorrow I ( go ) to school by bus .
126 . Jane ( play ) ..the piano at present .
127 . He ( visit ) ..his grandparents next week .
128 . Jane ( play ) ..the piano at present .
129 . We ( not invite ) ....many friends to the party tonight .
130 . Hurry up ! we ( wait ) .for you .
131 . Lan and Hoa ( read )  in the library at the moment .
132 . We ( not come ) ..here tomorrow morning .
133 . Listen ! The girl ( play ) .the piano .
134 . Nam ( go ) ..to the English club every Saturday .
134 . What .you ( do ) .now . I ( grow ) some flowers .
135 . My father ( travel ) ..to Nha Trang next week .
136 . Students often ( go ) to the school cafeteria at lunch time .
137 . You can ( find ) ..math books on the racks in the middle .
138 . Look ! The teacher ( come ) .here .
139 . She ( study ) ..maps in Geography .
140 . Ba can ( fix ) ..the lights .
141 . They ( do ) .some experiments at the moment .
142 . You ( be ) .a famous author one day .
143 . He enjoys ( draw ) .pictures .
144 . Mai ( learn ) ..to play the piano in her free time .
145 . I ( try ) ...to repair the radio now .
146 . The students ( write ) an essay in Literature next Monday .
147 . Let us ( go ) to the English club .
148 . I ( do ) .my math homework at the moment .
149 . Next year , my sister ( be ) ..a teacher .
150 . When they ( be ) young , they ( leave ) .their family and ( go ) to HCM city 
151 . When ..Thomas Edison ( die ) ? In 1931 .
PARTS OF SPEECH OF WORD FORMS
WORD FORM 
1. NOUN VERB ADJ PARTICIPLE ADV NOTE
2. Anger Angry Angrily : Giận
3. Attraction Attract Attractive Attracted Attractively :Hấp dẫn
4. Beauty Beautify Beautiful Beautifully :Đẹp
5. Business Busy Busily :Bận việc
6. Care/ ful/ ness Care Careful/ less Carefully/ lessly :Cẩn thận
7. Center Central Centrally :Trung tâm
8. Collection Collect Collective :Thu thập
9. Curiosity Curious Curiously :Tò mò
10. Danger Endanger Dangerous Dangerously :Nguy hiểm
11. Death Die Dead Chết
12. Depth (độ sâu) Deepen (làm) Deep Deeply Sâu
13. Difference Differ Different Differently: Khác nhau
14. Difficulty Difficult Difficultly :Khó khăn
15. Excitement Excite exciting Excited/ ing Excitingly :Hào hứng
16. Friend/ - ship Friendly :Bạn bè
17. Fluency Fluent Fluently Trôi chảy
18. Harm Harm (gây hại) Harmful/ less Harmlully/lessly :Hại
19. Happiness Happy Happily :Hạnh phúc
20. Health Healthy Healthily :Mạnh khoẻ
21. Invention Invent Inventory :Phát minh
22. Laziness Lazy Lazily :Lười biếng
23. Length Lengthen Long :Dài
24. Nation/ ality Nationalize National :Nước/ qtịch
25. Nature Naturalize Natural Naturally :Tự nhiên
26. Pollution Pollute Polluted :Ô nhiễm
27. Practice Practice Practical Practically :Thực hành
28. Prevention Prevent Preventable :Ngăn cản
29. Reason Reason Reasonable Reasonably :Lý do
30. Science/ Scientist Scientific Scientifically :Khoa học
31. Strength Strengthen Strong Strongly :Mạnh
32. Success Succeed Successful Successfully :Thành công
33. Warmth Warn Warm Warmly :Ấm áp
34. Width Widen Wide Widely :Rộng
35. Wonder Wonder Wonderful Wonderfully :Kì diệu
V. Complete the sentences using the correct form of the words in brackets. 
1. He feels very ...............so he talks ............... Anger
2. She looks............... in her new coat. Attraction
3. He plays soccer ............... Beauty
4. Nam is always ........... He is on his .......... this week. Business
5. Mr. Han is a ............ driver. He drives ............... Care
6. I live on ............... highland in Dalak. Center
7. Hoa has a fine ............... of stamp. Collect
8. His ............... helps him successful. Curious
9. AIDS is a...............disease Danger
10. Her parents’ ............... makes her very sad. Death
11. Mai understands me ............... Depth (độ sâu)
12. There is no ............... between my answer and his. Differ
13. We have a lot of ............... in learning English. Difficult
14. The is an............... football match this afternoon. Excite
15. We are very proud of our............... Friend
16. He speaks English ............... Fluency
17. If you smoke, it is ............... to you. Harm
18. She sent her best wishes for my future............... Happiness
19. He does exercise every morning, so he is very............... Health
20. Exercises ...............your health. Strong
21. ...............stude nts don’t often succeed in the tests. Laziness
22. . ...............are trying to find out new stars. Science
23. Nam is very............... and heavy. Strength
24. I don’t like hot weather. I like............... weather Warmth
25. Ha Long Bay is a ............... Bay. Wonder
ADVERB CLAUSES OF TIME & REASON
A. ADVERD CLAUSES OF TIME: 
S +V+ When/ while/ after/ before/ as/until + S + V
Chỉ tương lai: When he comes tomorrow, we will welcome him. 
Chỉ hiện tại: When it’s hot, I go swimming. / As I come, he is eating.
B. ADVERD CLAUSES OF REASON: 
S + V + because/ since/ as + S + V
Mr. Ba is late because/ since/ as she oversleeps.
Because Lan and Ba don’t have a tent, they never go camping.
C. Join two sentences into one, use because/ since/ as:
1. Lan and Ba never go camping. , so they don’t have a tent
.................................................. .................................................. ...............................................
2. I stay at home. It rains.
.................................................. .................................................. ...............................................
3. Tan is late for school. He misses the bus.
.................................................. .................................................. ...............................................
4. The weather is fine. We have a picnic on the mountain.
.................................................. .................................................. ...............................................
5. I don’t have a bike, so I walk.
.................................................. .................................................. ...............................................
6. Nhan is free, so he flies his kites.
.................................................. .................................................. ...............................................
D. Join two sentences into one, use when/ while/ after/ before/ as/until:
1. It is warm. I go fishing. (when)
.................................................. .................................................. ...............................................
2. My father is eating. My mother cooks. (while)
.................................................. .................................................. ...............................................
3. I take a bath first. Then I eat. (before)
.................................................. .................................................. ...............................................
4. Mr. Quang waits for the farmer. The farmer comes. (until)
.................................................. .................................................. ...............................................
5. He will come tomorrow. We will welcome him. (When)
.................................................. .................................................. ...............................................
6. You will go the museum. You will see a lot of valuable pictures. (When)
.................................................. .................................................. ...............................................
ARTICLES
o A or An? The general rule is that we use a before a consonant and an before a vowel: 
a bowl, a car, a dog, but... an ant, an elephant, an insect, an orange, 
But, what is important here is not the way a word is written, but the way it sounds. We choose a or an depending on the sound at the beginning of the word and whether it is a vowel sound or a consonant sound. 
For example, take the word uniform. Although it begins with a vowel - u - when we write it, when we say it the first sound is /y/ which is a consonant: uniform is pronounced ‘/junɪfɔːm/ so we say a uniform 
One word which is often confused is hotel. Some people pronounce this word as /həʊˈtɛl/ so they would write: 
a hotel. But other people pronounce this word as /əʊˈtɛl/ and so they would write: an hotel
o The Zero Article does not exist. It is a useful term to use when describing how to use articles. Essentially when we talk about the zero article, we mean that we don’t use any article in front of a noun. 
For example, when we use a noun with a preposition, we often do not use an article (that is, we just use the noun on its own): 
I went to school but left my books at home. Mother was in church and father at sea; Grandfather came to dinner later by train and Grandmother managed to escape from prison to join us.
When we talk about an institution, we use the zero article.
– The definite article doesn't change. It is always the whether the noun is masculine, feminine or neuter, singular or plural. We use the definite article - the - when we talk about a singular or plural noun which refers to a particular member of a a group. 
The woman.The man.The door.The doors.
Prior Reference 
We often use the after the noun has already been mentioned. For example: 
An Englishman, an Irishman and a Sctosman walk into a pub. The Englishman ordered a bitter; the Irishman ordered a Guiness and the Scotsman ordered a whisky.
The first time we mention the noun we use the indefinite article and from then on we use the definite article. 
Known Reference 
If both speakers know what they are talking about they can use the even though the noun may not have been mentioned before. In other words, it is implied that the noun has already been mentioned. 
Excuse me, do you know what the time is?
Where's the toilet?
In these examples, the speaker assumes that the listener knows what is being talked about. 
Miscellanous In addition, the is used in the following special circumstances 
Exceptions include: the Hague; the Matterhorn; the Mall; the White House, the United States of America 
We use the definite article - the - when we talk about a singular or plural noun which refers to a particular member of a a group. 
In this example the group is all men; we want to reference a particular man so we say: The man in the hat.
Compare this with the indefinite article which refers to any man in the group: A man in a hat.
parts of day/night midnight, midday, noon, night 
days Monday, Tuesday superlatives 
the highest, the biggest, the oldest 
festivals Easter ordinals 
the third man, the sixth wife 
seasons & months Winter, February oceans, seas the Pacific, the Black Sea 
years 1961, 1995, 2000 inventions the wheel, the internal combustion engine 
buildings Buckingham Palace, number 10 titles 
the Queen, the President, the chairperson 
streets Acacia Avenue, Pall Mall, Sunset Boulevard rivers & canals the Thames, the Nile, the Suez 
airports Heathrow, Gatwick public buildings the Sheraton, the Red Lion, the Natural History Museum 
cities & towns London, New York, Tokyo, Sydney, Cairo newspapers The Independent, The Daily Mirror, The Times 
mountains Everest, K2, Mont Blanc families the Browns, the Bushes 
countries America, Britain, Arabia countries of union the United States, the United Arab Emirates 
continents Africa, Asia, America, Europe jobs He is an artist and his wife is a plumber.
beliefs He is a Buddhist and his wife is an atheist.
people Joe, Mrs Smith ships the Bismarck, the Lusitanian 
magazines Cosmopolitan, Time mountain chains the Alps, the Highlands 
games football, tennis, bar billiards instruments the piano, the bag pipes 
nationalities He is an American and she is a Swede.
Exceptions include: the Hague; the Matterhorn; the Mall; the White House, the United States of America 
In this example, the group is all men; we want to reference a particular man so we say: The man in the hat.
Compare this with the indefinite article, which refers to any man in the group: A man in a hat.
COMPARISONS
A/ So sánh bằng: (equality)
S + V + AS ADJ/ ADV AS + S
B/ So sánh hơn: (Comparatives)
Tính từ ngắn: S + V + ADJ/ADV- ER + THAN + S2 
Tính từ dài: S + V + MORE + ADJ/ ADV + THAN + S2
C/ So sánh nhất; (Superlatives)
Tính từ ngắn: S + V + THE ADJ –EST + N. 
Tính từ dài: S + V + THE MOST + ADJ + N. This new house is as expensive as that one.
He ran faster than his friends did.
Films are more interesting than plays.
Ex: He is more intelligent than Peter.
Nam is the youngest student in his class
Winter is the coldest in the year. 
Note: - Tính từ ngắn: 1 vần và 2 vần như: happy, pleasant, quiet
- Tính từ dài: các tính từ 2 vần trở lên như : interesting, beautiful, expensive
- So sánh các tính từ đặc biệt: good → better/ the best; bad → worse/ the worst; 
little → less/ the least;many → more/ the most; far → farther/ further/ the farthest/ further
Test (comparative or superlative form)
I/ Read the situations and complete the sentences. Use the comparative form (-er or more )with give adjective.
1. The CD is 20.000 dong , the cassette is 12.000 dong. (expensive)
The CD .
2. The church is built in 1878 and the library in 1925.(old)
The church ...
3. Andrew hasn’t many friend .Clare has lots of friends.(popurlar)
Clare ..
4. The film lasts two and a half hours, but videotape is only two hours long.(long)
The film 
5. It takes four hours to go by car and five hours to go by train.(slow)
Going by train ....
6. Laura’s room has a lot of pictures and flowers. Mark’s room doesn’t have any pictures .(interesting)
Laura’s room 
7. Daneil can lift 90 kilos ,but Matthew can lift 120 kilos.(strong)
Matthew 
8. There are a lot of vehicles on the streets in the city.There are few vehicles on the streets in the countryside. (Crowded)
The streets in the city ..
9. The buses run every 30 minutes .The trains run very hour.(frequent)
The buses .
10. Yesterday the temperature was six degrees. Today it’s only three degrees.(cold)
It ..
II/ Write the sentences from the notes.Use the superlative form of the adjective.
1.Mark / tall /person/ his family.
..
2.This stadium / modern / Europe.
..
3.What /happy/ day/your life.
..
4.The Beatles album / good / they ever made..
..
5.Asernal /popular/team/England.
..
6.This painting /valuable/the gallery.
..
7.Yesterday/hot /day/the month.
..
8.This watch/ one /cheap/you cn buy.
..
9.That/ boring/ film /I /ever / see.
..
10.It /bad/mistake/I/ever/make.
..
III/ Write the comparative form or the superlative form of the words in brackets
1. Sport is.politics.(i nteresting)
2. Can’t you think of anything ..to say?(intelligent)
3. It’s ..day of the year.(short)
4. London isBirmingham.(big )
5. I prefer this chair to the other ones.It’s (comfortable)
6. The weather is getting.(bad).
7. I like living in the countryside.It’s .living in a town.(peaceful)
8. Who is in the class?(clever)
9. That’s ..meal I’ve had for a long time.(delicious)
10. It was.speech I’ve heard .(boring)
III/ Read the situations and complete the sentences. Using the words in brackets.
1. I’m quite tall but you are taller.(as..as)
I’m ......
2. Hoa and Tim are both 13 year old .(the same..as)
Tim isage 
3. She speak English very well ,and her sister speaks well too.(as..as)
She speaksher sister.
4. They lived here for a long time but we’ve lived here longer.(as..as)
They haven’tus.
5. My birthday is 12 August.Tom’s birthday is 12 August .(the same as)
My birthday is Tom’s
6. Sandra spent 100 dollar ; but Susan spent 120 dollars.(as..as)
Sandra much money
7. Nam drive carefully,but his sister drive more carefully.(as..as)
Nam doesn’t
8. We left the meeting at 10 pm ; they left the meeting at 10 pm too .(The same as)
We left time
PREPOSITIONS
With IN: the morning, august, summer, 2006, uniform, hospital, bed, the world, debt, prison, English, the center of, the middle of, some ways, addition, Vietnam, London, ink, the past/ future, case
With ON: Monday, Saturday morning, holiday, radio, subject, foot, a farm, a chair, the beach, the phone, Christmas Day, the occasion, the south coast of, a picnic, the way to, time, a street, a floor, the right/ left, sale, the corner
With AT: 5 o’clock, first, last, present, the moment, 16 years old, the age of (15), home, school, the bus stop, the same time, a party, Mary’s house, the end of, the beginning of, night, least, once, times, work
With others: for a week/ fun/ reading/ a walk - from Paris to London, from nine to five- By Nguyen Du, by shooting, by then, by the way, by far, by accident by car/ bus/ taxi/ plane - with smoke, with hands, out of date/ work/ order 
ADJ+ Prep: amazed, amused, delighted at – afraid of, angry with, bad at, good at, different from, fond to, familiar with, famous for, proud of, interested in, kind to/ of, pleased with, useful for, worried about, similar to, accustomed to
VERBS + Prep: borrow from, compare with, crowd into, laugh at, look at/ after/ for/up, prepare for, participate, think of ,prefer...to, succeed.. in, take part in, take care of, tell about, take.. to about, tune into, keep in touch, consist of
NOUN + Prep: love for, habit of/ aspect of, sight of, means of, reason for, method of, pair of 
SOME SENTENCE PATTERNS
1. S + V + Adj/ n 
( be, look, keep, seem, taste, sound, become) Jack looked very worried.
The food tastes delicious.
2. S + V + Adv (walk, drive, talk, close, rise. come) He is careful. He drives slowly.
3. S + V + O + adv ( watch, read, meet, make, see) He watched T.V every night.
4. S + V + O + C (make, elect, declare, consider)
( think, believe, find)
(keep, make, let, have)
(regard, recognize, appoint, consider) We made Frank armchair.
I find the lesson too boring.
Sad movie makes me cry.
They regard him as an excellent player.
5. S + V + I.O + D.O = S + V + D.O+ to/ for + I.O
(give, teach, show, award, offer, lend +to // buy, make+ for) Mary teaches me English.= He teaches English to me
My mother bought me a hat. = She bought

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