Secondary school entrance exam_014

Everyone wants to reduce (15)_____. But the pollution problem is as complicated as it is (16)____. It is complicated because much pollution is caused by things that benefit people. For example, (17)_____ from automobiles causes large percentage (18)______air pollution.

But the automobile provides transportation to millions of people. (19)_____ discharge much of the material that pollutes air and water, but factories give employment to a large number of people. Thus, to end or greatly (20)_____ pollution immediately people would have to stop using many things that benefit them. Most people do not want to do that, of course. But pollution can be gradually reduced in several ways. (21)______ and engineers can work to find ways to lessen the amount of pollution that such things as automobiles and factories cause. Governments can pass and enforce laws that (22)_____ businesses and individuals to stop, or cut down on certain polluting activities.

 

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Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.
A. achievement	B. chemist	C. chance	D. cheerful
A. sewage	B. nuclear	C. groom	D. erupt
Choose the word that has the different stress. 
A. collapse	B. volcano	C. festival	D. appliance
A. forecast	B. disaster	C. carriage	D. furniture
Choose the word or phrase (A, B, C or D) that best fits the blanks space. 
Who looks __________your children when you are away from home?
	A. after	B. for	C. to	D. at
She is very tired. __________; she has to finish her homework.
	A. Moreover	B. However	C. So	D. And
What quality made him different __________others?
	A. from	B. for	C. with	D. in
If people stop using dynamite for fishing, a lot of sea creatures will be well__________.
	A. preserve	B. preserved	C. preserving	D. preservation
Scientists are looking for an __________way to reduce energy consumption.
	A. effective	B. effectively	C. effect	D. effecting
The weather __________nice yesterday.
	A. were	B. was	C. will be	D. has been
She suggested __________money for the poor people in the region.
	A. to save 	B. saved	C. saving	D. save
We think that Mother’s Day should be celebrated __________.
	A. nationwide	B. national	C. nation	D. native
Auld Lang Syne is a song __________is sung on New Year’s Eve.
	A. who	B. whose	C. whom 	D. which
My Aunt Judy is the women __________is holding Jack. 
	A. who	B. whose	C. whom 	D. which
Decide which of the options (A, B, C, or D) is the best answer. 
Everyone wants to reduce (15)_____. But the pollution problem is as complicated as it is (16)____. It is complicated because much pollution is caused by things that benefit people. For example, (17)_____ from automobiles causes large percentage (18)______air pollution. 
But the automobile provides transportation to millions of people. (19)_____ discharge much of the material that pollutes air and water, but factories give employment to a large number of people. Thus, to end or greatly (20)_____ pollution immediately people would have to stop using many things that benefit them. Most people do not want to do that, of course. But pollution can be gradually reduced in several ways. (21)______ and engineers can work to find ways to lessen the amount of pollution that such things as automobiles and factories cause. Governments can pass and enforce laws that (22)_____ businesses and individuals to stop, or cut down on certain polluting activities. 
A. pollute	B. pollution	C. polluted	D. polluting
A. seriousness	B. serious	C. seriously	D. serioused
A. exhaust	B. exhausted	C. exhaustedly	D. exhauster
A. to	B. with	C. in 	D. of
A. Hills	B. Mountains	C. Factories	D. Rivers
A. reducing	B. reduced	C. reduce	D. reduction
A. Doctors	B. Engineers	C. Workers	D. Scientists
A. require	B. Requires	C. required	D. requiring
Choose the underlined word or phrase (A, B, C or D) that needs correcting. 
Tet is a festival which occurs on late January or early February.
 	A	B	C	D
Man’s whole environment are being changed in a serious way. 
	A	B	C	D
We are getting some electrical from nuclear power stations.
	A	B	C	D
He’s going to the post office although he wants to send a letter.
	A	B	C	D
Read the passage and then tick True or False.
The Internet has rapidly developed and become part of our daily life. It is a very fast and convenient way to get information. People use the Internet for many purposes: education, communication, entertainment and commerce. The Internet helps people communicate with friends and relatives by means of e-mail or chatting. 
However, the Internet has limitations. It is time-consuming and costly. It is also dangerous because of viruses and bad programs. On the other hand, the Internet users sometimes have to suffer various risks such as spam or electronic junk mail and personal information leaking. So while enjoying surfing, be alert!
The main idea of the first paragraph is about advantages of the Internet. 
We can use the internet as a fast and convenient way to get information to study, communicate, entertain, buy and sell things. 
The disadvantages of the Internet are costly, time consuming and easy to get information from spam and viruses. 
With the help of the internet, we can get in touch with each other by means of e-mail or chatting.
WORD FORMS
Thai’s economy depends on_______________. (tour) 
You have to keep your _______________ from that snake. (distant) 
Phuong and Ha are _______________related. (distant) 
They are _______________ greeted by the native. (warm) 
The _______________ by the little girl was a great hit. (perform) 
She was_______________ to look at the big statue. (amaze) 
To my_______________, the monkey can play the guitar. (knowledgeable) 
His result was _______________ excellent. (amaze) 
He was _______________ good at Math. (amaze) 
Small companies are _____________managed by the owners themselves. (normal) 
Brazilians played very _______________. (simple) 
Uncle Ho is a man of _______________. (simple) 
This is a machine with a _______________ arm for picking up objects. (move) 
Nguyen Binh is one of the poets of the Romantic _______________. (move) 
English is one of the _______________subjects. (compulsion) 
I had a good _______________on this film. (impress) 
The air _______________in our city is worse and worse (pollute) 
Oil slicks, chemical waste, garbage are common _______________to our environment. (pollute) 
Air _______________does a lot of harm to our life. (pollute) 
_______________the air must be limited to save our environment. (pollute) 
WRITING
People should stop experiments on animals. 
Experiments	
Ronaldo won the gold ball of FIFA. 
The gold ball	
In order to win the prize, he tried hard. 
He tried hard so as	
Her father stood in the door way. 
In the door way	
He has rarely seen such a big elephant. 
Rarely	
Her mother sat in the armchair quietly. 
In the armchair	
The weather becomes so dangerous that we can’t go anywhere. 
So dangerous	
We seldom get good marks. 
Seldom	
Susan feels proud of her son. 
Susan’s son	
Thanh fell full because of the banana. 
The banana	
They are accustomed to drinking Coke. 
They get	
He used to go to school late. 
He doesn’t	
The baby cried because of the dog. 
The baby	
The actor interests us a lot. 
We	
Their father looks after them well. 
Their father took	
We felt sad because of the bad result. 
The bad result	
------ THE END------
ANSWER KEYS
Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.
1. 	A. achievement	B. chemist	C. chance	D. cheerful
2. 	A. sewage	B. nuclear	C. groom	D. erupt
Choose the word that has the different stress. 
3. 	A. collapse	B. volcano	C. festival	D. appliance
4. 	A. forecast	B. disaster	C. carriage	D. furniture
Choose the word or phrase (A, B, C or D) that best fits the blanks space. 
5. Who looks ______________your children when you are away from home?
	A. after	B. for	C. to	D. at
6. She is very tired.______________; she has to finish her homework
	A. Moreover	B. However	C. So	D. And
7. What quality made him different _______________others?
	A. from	B. for	C. with	D. in
8. If people stop using dynamite for fishing, a lot of sea creatures will be well____________.
	A. preserve	B. preserved	C. preserving	D. preservation
9. Scientists are looking for an __________way to reduce energy consumption
	A. effective	B. effectively	C. effect	D. effecting
10. The weather ____________nice yesterday
	A. were	B. was	C. will be	D. has been
11. She suggested ______________money for the poor people in the region
	A. to save 	B. saved	C. saving	D. save
12. We think that Mother’s Day should be celebrated _______________
	A. nationwide	B. national	C. nation	D. native
13. Auld Lang Syne is a song ____________is sung on New Year’s Eve
	A. who	B. whose	C. whom 	D. which
14. My Aunt Judy is the women ____________is holding Jack. 
	A. who	B. whose	C. whom 	D. which
Choose the underlined word or phrase (A, B, C or D) that needs correcting. 
15. Tet is a festival which occurs on late January or early February. [in]
 	A	B	C	D
16. Man’s whole environment are being changed in a serious way. [is]
	A	B	C	D
17. We are getting some electrical from nuclear power stations [electricity]
	A	B	C	D
18. He’s going to the post office although he wants to send a letter. [because]
	A	B	C	D
Decide which of the options (A, B, C, or D) is the best answer. 
Everyone wants to reduce (19) _____. But the pollution problem is as complicated as it is (20)____. It is complicated because much pollution is caused by things that benefit people. For example, (21)_____ from automobiles causes large percentage (22)______air pollution. 
But the automobile provides transportation to millions of people. (23)_____ discharge much of the material that pollutes air and water, but factories give employment to a large number of people. Thus, to end or greatly (24)_____ pollution immediately people would have to stop using many things that benefit them. Most people do not want to do that, of course. But pollution can be gradually reduced in several ways. (25)______ and engineers can work to find ways to lessen the amount of pollution that such things as automobiles and factories cause. Governments can pass and enforce laws that (26)_____ businesses and individuals to stop, or cut down on certain polluting activities. 
19. 	A. pollute	B. pollution	C. polluted	D. polluting
20. 	A. seriousness	B. serious	C. seriously	D. serioused
21. 	A. exhaust	B. exhausted	C. exhaustedly	D. exhauster
22. 	A. to	B. with	C. in 	D. of
23. 	A. Hills	B. Mountains	C. Factories	D. Rivers
24. 	A. reducing	B. reduced	C. reduce	D. reduction
25. 	A. Doctors	B. Engineers	C. Workers	D. Scientists
26. 	A. require	B. Requires	C. required	D. requiring
Read the passage and then tick True or False.
The Internet has rapidly developed and become part of our daily life. It is a very fast and convenient way to get information. People use the Internet for many purposes: education, communication, entertainment and commerce. The Internet helps people communicate with friends and relatives by means of e-mail or chatting. 
However, the Internet has limitations. It is time-consuming and costly. It is also dangerous because of viruses and bad programs. On the other hand, the Internet users sometimes have to suffer various risks such as spam or electronic junk mail and personal information leaking. So while enjoying surfing, be alert!
27. The main idea of the first paragraph is about advantages of the Internet. {F}
28. We can use the internet as a fast and convenient way to get information to study, communicate, entertain, buy and sell things. {T}
29. The disadvantages of the Internet are costly, time consuming and easy to get information from spam and viruses. {T}
30. With the help of the internet, we can get in touch with each other by means of e-mail or chatting {T}
WORD FORMS
Thai’s economy depends on_______________. (tour) 	{tourism}
You have to keep your _______________ from that snake. (distant) 	{distance}
Phuong and Ha are _______________related. (distant) 	{distantly}
They are _______________ greeted by the native. (warm) 	{warmly}
The _______________ by the little girl was a great hit. (perform) 	{performance}
She was_______________ to look at the big statue. (amaze) 	{amazed}
To my_______________, the monkey can play the guitar. (knowledgeable) 	{knowledge}
His result was _______________ excellent. (amaze) 	{amazingly}
He was _______________ good at Math. (amaze) 	{amazingly}
Small companies are _____________managed by the owners themselves. (normal) 	{normally}
Brazilians played very _______________. (simple) 	{simply}
Uncle Ho is a man of _______________. (simple) 	{simplification}
This is a machine with a _______________ arm for picking up objects. (move) 	{moving}
Nguyen Binh is one of the poets of the Romantic _______________. (move) 	{movement}
English is one of the _______________subjects. (compulsion) 	{compulsory}
I had a good _______________on this film. (impress) 	{impression}
The air _______________in our city is worse and worse. (pollute) 	{pollution}
Oil slicks, chemical waste, garbage are common __________to our environment. (pollute) 	{pollutants}
Air _______________does a lot of harm to our life. (pollute) 	{pollution}
_______________the air must be limited to save our environment. (pollute) 	{Polluting}
WRITING
51. People should stop experiments on animals. 
Experiments on animals should be stopped.	
52. Ronaldo won the gold ball of FIFA. 
The gold ball of FIFA was won by Ronaldo.	
53. In order to win the prize, he tried hard. 
He tried hard so as to win the prize.	
54. Her father stood in the door way. 
In the door way, stood her father.	
55. He has rarely seen such a big elephant. 
Rarely has he seen such a big elephant.	
56. Her mother sat in the armchair quietly. 
In the armchair sat her mother quietly.	
57. The weather becomes so dangerous that we can’t go anywhere. 
So dangerous does the weather become that we can’t go anywhere.	
58. We seldom get good marks. 
Seldom do we get good marks.	
59. Susan feels proud of her son. 
Susan’s son makes her feel proud.	
60. Thanh fell full because of the banana. 
The banana made him full	
61. They are accustomed to drinking Coke. 
They get used to drinking Coke.	
62. He used to go to school late. 
He doesn’t go to school late any more.	
63. The baby cried because of the dog. 
The baby was made to cry by a dog.	
64. The actor interests us a lot. 
We are interested in the actor a lot.	
65. Their father looks after them well. 
Their father took care of them well.	
66. We felt sad because of the bad result. 
The bad result made us feel sad.	
------ THE END------

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